Open & Fair Data: “Make wind energy data visible and wind research investment efficient”
In order to map the vast amount of existing and future data distributed by all his members, EERA JP Wind decided to finance in 2019 the 2-years project ShareWind. This project aim to make operational a web-based data registry ShareWind.eu.
ShareWind is the first step to build a data management system that EERA JP Wind considers an important building block in increasing the European collaboration in wind energy research. Furthermore, it will also make wind energy data FAIR.
The Findable, Accessible, Interoperable and Re-usable, FAIR, data principle has been adopted by the European Commission during the H2020 programme and then by European National Public funders to enable data sharing and re-use.
But there are still barriers:
- the research data are not findable
- the fear that the use of data cannot be controlled
- data is deemed an asset providing competitive advantage
EERA JP Wind has the overall ambition to overcome those barriers by making wind energy data visible but not directly accessible, to allow matching data demand with data offer and, at the same time, conveying the message that collaboration means opportunities and prospecting business models for data sharing in a virtual “Market Place”.
Key ingredients are:
- a set of standard and domain specific metadata each with specific taxonomies
- a web-based data registry ShareWind.eu, allowing tagging research data
- to assign a DOI to datasets to improve citability and, in the long term, allow measuring their impact (for example using citation indexes)
Using ShareWind, to tag the old and new datasets, each organization within EERA JP Wind can make their data Findable via the catalog and control the Access.
The concept of ShareWind.eu was conceived during the IRPWind project, where a core group of scientists from EERA organizations sat the goal to define metadata and related taxonomies suitable for the wind energy sector. By enriching data-sets with metadata and tagging them with related taxonomy terms, data are made searchable.
The federated model for data storage is less demanding as it can be build on top of existing data infrastructures. Furthermore, the access rights are decided by the data owner, organizations/individuals) i.e. data will be accessible with different levels of openness. Old data will be visible without need of standardizations and homogenization, which is a costly process.
In linking data distributed in various organizations, EERA JP Wind will align with the European Open Science Cloud (EOSC) initiative that will link current and emerging energy data infrastructures.